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Treatment for lung problems includes:
Antibiotics to prevent and treat lung and sinus infections. They may be taken by mouth, or given in the veins or by breathing treatments. People with cystic fibrosis
may take antibiotics only when needed, or all the time. Doses are usually higher than normal.
Inhaled medicines to help open the airways
DNAse enzyme therapy to thin mucus and make it easier to cough up
High concentration of salt solutions (hypertonic saline)
and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
(PPV) yearly (ask your health care provider)
is an option in some cases
may be needed as lung disease gets worse
Lung problems are also treated with aerobic exercise
or other therapies to thin the mucous and make it easier to cough up out of the lungs. These include a Percussion Vest, manual chest percussion, A-capella, or TheraPEP device.
Treatment for bowel and nutritional problems (see: Cystic fibrosis - nutritional considerations) may include:
A special diet high in protein and calories for older children and adults (see: Cystic fibrosis nutritional considerations)
Pancreatic enzymes to help absorb fats and protein
Vitamin supplements, especially vitamins A, D, E, and K
Your doctor can suggest other treatments if you have very hard stools
Care and monitoring at home should include:
Avoiding smoke, dust, dirt, fumes, household chemicals, fireplace smoke, and mold or mildew
Clearing or bringing up mucus or secretions from the airways. This must be done one to fours times each day. Patients, families, and caregivers must learn about doing chest percussion and postural drainage
to help keep the airways clear
Drinking plenty of fluids. This is particularly true for infants, children, in hot weather, when there is diarrhea or loose stools, or during extra physical activity
Exercising two or three times each week. Swimming, jogging, and cycling are good options.