Any time an internal body part pushes into an area where it doesn't belong, it's called a hernia.
The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm -- the muscular wall separating the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus
(food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia
) the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening.
There are two main types of hiatal hernias: sliding and paraesophageal (next to the esophagus).
Many people with hiatal hernia have no symptoms, but others may have heartburn
related to gastroesophageal reflux disease
, or GERD. Although there appears to be a link, one condition does not seem to cause the other, because many people have a hiatal hernia without having GERD, and others have GERD without having a hiatal hernia.
People with heartburn may experience chest pain
that can easily be confused with the pain of a heart attack
. That's why it's so important to undergo testing and get properly diagnosed.
Most people do not experience any symptoms of their hiatal hernia so no treatment is necessary. However, the paraesophaeal hernia (when part of the stomach squeezes through the hiatus) can sometimes cause the stomach to be strangled, so surgery is sometimes recommended. Other symptoms that may occur along with the hernia such as chest pain should be properly evaluated. Symptoms of GERD, such as heartburn, should be treated.
U can try syrup mucaine
gel 2 tsf thrice daily before food for 7 days.