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Blood report of a 2 year old showing RBC exhibits mild microcytosis and mild leukocytosis. Hemoglobin electrophoresis noted. What does it mean?

My 2 yr son got his blood report which indicates Red blood cells exhibit mild microcytosis Mild leukocytosis with absolute lymphocytosis is evident, occasional activated lymphocytes are seen. Advised :Haemoglobin electrophoresis. his neutrophils are low -15%,his MCV-75.9 fL ,MCH-24.3 pg .please tell me this what it means......
Asked On : Thu, 28 Mar 2013
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Pediatrician 's  Response
Thanks for your query.
Microcytosis means his red blood cells are a bit smaller in size than usual & the common causes are iron deficiency & thalassemia trait ( both are common non-serious conditions)
Mild leukocytosis means the white cells ( White blood cells, or leukocytes are cells of the immune system involved in defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials) are increased in number . lymphocyte is a type of white cell. Lymphocytosis (increased lymphocyte count) & activated lymphocytes are commonly seen in viral infectios in children.
Hemoglobin electrophoresis will confirm the thalessemia trait if that is there.
There are no reasons to worry and should wait for electrophoresis report.
Hope you find the explaination useful.
Answered: Sat, 30 Mar 2013
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