surgery for disc prolapse
in the absence of progressive neurological deficit is advised only when the pain is not responding to all the conservative means tried for more than 6 weeks. i.e. complete bed rest physiotherapy
and local steroid injection, etc.
And if you have tried all this and not relieved with pain then you can opt for surgery.
Recently there are many advances in surgical management of disc prolapse like minimally invasive microlumbar discectomy
, endoscopic disectomy etc.
please discuss all this option with your surgeon before undergoing surgery