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What is the reason and cause for polycystic ovarian symdrome?

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General & Family Physician
Practicing since : 1978
Answered : 6593 Questions
Posted Wed, 11 Jul 2012 in Women's Health
Answered by Dr. Pavan Kumar Gupta 40 minutes later
Thanks for the query.
POLY CYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE ( PCOD )  is characterized by menstrual irregularities,amenorrhea,immature follicles,weight gain,obesity,impaired fertility,hypertension and increased amount of hormones.

It is a female hormonal imbalance where maturing eggs fail to be expelled from ovary,creating an ovary filled with immature follicles resulting in formation of multiple cysts.These cysts result in hormonal imbalance which ultimately results in more cysts and enlarged ovaries.
It is characterized by ANOVULATION ( no formation of eggs) irrespective of periods( regular or irregular or absent) and hyperandrogenism( increased male hormones ) 
Women with PCOD who conceive have high rate of fetal loss.
Women with PCOD have fewer chances of conceiving.Normal women get 12 chances in a year while PCOD females get only 3 to 4 chances in a year due to delayed periods.

Causes of PCOD are
Family history
Young diabetic women treated with injection insulin.

I hope to have answered your query however you may revert to me for any further query.
Please close the query if there is nothing to ask any more.
Best of luck.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
Follow-up: What is the reason and cause for polycystic ovarian symdrome? 19 minutes later
but i dont have any Family history/Genetic/ diabetic what could be the reason

last yr once there was delay in mensus but after mensus came i did not scan orcheck on this problem

Answered by Dr. Pavan Kumar Gupta 5 minutes later
Family history or genetics doesn't mean you parents or grand parents only.
It can go back even more.
You must consult a GYNEC and get yourself investigated throughly.
Above answer was peer-reviewed by
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