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Thyroid ultrasound showed Mild thyroid enlargement overall. The gland is inhomogeneous with character of goiter. Suggestions?

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I had a thyroid ultrasound and these are the finding: Mild thyroid enlargement overall. The right lobe measures 5.0 x 1.4 x 1.5 cm. The left lobe is larger, including the exophytic lower pole nodule creating a length of 7.3 x 1.9 x 1.6 cm. The isthmus is prominent at nearly 5 mm. In general, the gland is inhomogeneous with character of goiter. Hyperechoic 4 and 6 mm nodules on the right have character suggesting calcification. Along the lower pole of the left, there is a somewhat exophytic 3.0 x 2.1 x 2.3 cm hypoechoic solid appearing nodule.
Posted Fri, 30 Aug 2013 in Thyroid Problem and Hormonal Problems
Answered by Dr. Shehzad Topiwala 25 minutes later
Brief Answer:
Biopsy may be necessary to assess thyroid cells

Detailed Answer:
Thyroid nodules are fairly common, more so in women, and the majority (upto 95 %) are benign. If you do not have major risk factors for thyroid cancer such as past exposure to radiation to the neck area, a past history of thyroid cancer or a first degree relative with thyroid cancer, or suspicious looking nodules on ultrasound then the risk of these nodules being cancerous is low.

Given the size of the nodule on the left, I generally recommend a fine needle aspiration biopsy to look at the cells. Some people opt for surgery to have it removed all together to get a definitive answer after surgery when the specimen is analyzed in a lab, as to whether or not it is cancerous. This is because biopsy is not 100 % accurate. Others choose to monitor the growth of the nodule over time. Some people do not do anything about it as most are benign.

For more information on thyroid nodules, peruse this link:
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