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How to avoid diabetes? What diet is to be taken? How to control diabetes?

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Internal Medicine Specialist
Practicing since : 1998
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hi Doctor i would like to know : to avoid diabetics?what foods precautions to be taken?

2.if we are diabetic how to control it?what foods,precautions to be taken?

thank you.

Posted Mon, 21 May 2012 in Diabetes
Answered by Dr. Jasvinder Singh 2 hours later

Thanks for posting your query.

I can understand your concern for diabetes. For prevention of diabetes, a diet XXXXXXX in sugar-laden foods, as well as foods high in cholesterol, increases your risk for pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes development.

Hence add more fruits and vegetables especially XXXXXXX leafy vegetables to your diet and take less of sugars and sugar XXXXXXX foods, aerated drinks and fats. Try to lose some weight if you are overweight and exercise regularly to prevent diabetes. Take walks during your lunch break and try walking to the close by places rather than using a car.

For avoidance of diabetes, in diet, apart from the points mentioned above, Skip the pastries, cakes, fries, and other processed carbs. Fill up instead on carbohydrates that are healthy – fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals and breads. Also add more of fiber to your diet. Consume less than 30 percent of your daily calories as fat, and only 10 percent of that as saturated. Avoid trans-fats as much as possible.

For treatment of diabetes, you need to incorporate the above mentioned dietary and exercise measures in your lifestyle. If diabetes remains uncontrolled then you may need specific treatment which includes sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, including Precose (acarbose) and Glyset (miglitol) and Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors, including Januvia (sitagliptin), Onglyza (saxagliptin), and Tradjenta (linagliptin).

But these are taken only after a doctor’s guidance and only under prescription after confirming the blood sugar levels.

Hope this answers your query. If you have additional questions or follow up queries then please do not hesitate in writing to us. I will be happy to answer your queries.

Wishing you good health.

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