Get your Health question answered in 3 easy steps
A Doctor will be with you shortly
Ask a Doctor Now
124 Doctors are Online

Balantidiasis

Publisher
1786 Views
Balantidiasis is defined as large-intestinal infection with Balantidium coli. B coli are known to parasitize the colon, and pigs may be its primary reservoir. Most cases of balantidiasis in individuals are asymptomatic.

 

Signs and symptoms

  • Diarrhea - watery, bloody, and mucoid
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal pain/cramps
  • Anorexia
  • Weight loss
  • Headache
  • Mild colitis
  • Fever
  • Severe and marked fluid loss resulting in dehydration (resembling amebic dysentery)

 

Balantidiasis

 

 

Causes

 

Risk factors for balantidiasis

  • Contacts with pigs
  • Handling fertilizer contaminated with pig excrement
  • Living in areas where the water supply may be contaminated by the excrement of infected animals.
  • Poor nutrition
  • Achlorhydria
  • Alcoholism
  • Immunosuppression

Tests and diagnosis

  • Wet smear stool specimens
  • Chest X-ray may show pulmonary involvement in patients with balantidiasis.
  • CT- chest reveals reveal pulmonary parenchymal and lymph node involvement.

Complications

  • Perforation of ulcer
  • Gastro intestinal bleeding
  • Severe dehydration

Preventive measures

  • Purification of drinking water
  • Proper handling of food stuffs
  • Careful disposal of human feces and excreta
  • Monitoring the contacts of balantidiasis patients

Treatment

  • Antibiotics- Tetracycline 500 mg 4 times a day for 10 days
  • Metronidazole- 500 mg 3 times a day for 5 days
  • Contact Amebicide- Iodoquinol

Related questions you may be interested in

 

©2014 Ebix, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice. You should always speak with your doctor before you follow anything that you read on this website. Any health question asked on this site will be visible to the people who browse this site. Hence, the user assumes the responsibility not to divulge any personally identifiable information in the question. Use of this site is subject to our Terms & Conditions